Viche 2006 22

22, 2006

Modern situation in the region of Western Balkan: a crisis lasts

Taking into account the feature of the geopolitical location Western Balkan, as well as Balkan on the whole were and remain on intersection of interests of leading powers of the world. Even after fifteen years after the beginning of the Balkan crisis and ten years since the conclusion of Deytona peace treaty, this region remains the powder-magazine of Europe. So its no wonder that Ranko Petkovych named "balkanization" the condition of a permanent conflict between the Balkan states because of the territory and a continuous autonomism of Balkans.

Alpha and omega of wars

A question of Kosovo and Metokhiya status. Kosovo has become alpha and omega of all of Balkan wars. Today it is a main barrier on the path to stability on Balkan. And though the territory still officially remains the part of Serbia, being under the management of UNO and the defense NATO troops, it is a main hot spot of Europe. The problem Kosovo status seems most difficult today, four ineffectual rounds of negotiations  between the representatives of Belgrad and Prishtyn testify to it. The western states, were the mediators of negotiations, developed their approaches to the decision of a problem: position of Europe, the USA, Serbia and kosovo Albanians. European Union, UNO, The United the States, government of Serbia and leaders of kosovso Albanians offer own models of settlement of this problem.


Position of Russian Federation. Russia was withdrawn from Balkan since 1998. In 2000  Russia began to loose any  positions on Balkan and acceded to it. It stroked out Balkan from its foreign policy. However Moscow  tries to benefit from a present situation,  connected with the status of Kosovo. Though state Duma suggests to take it easy with independence of Kosovo, since it is rather early to settle this question at the level of world community . The president of Russia Volodymyr Putin compared a situation in Kosovo with Abhaziya and South Ossetiya and declared that giving independence to Kosovo, world community must give independence to these territories.




Kosovo - is a part of Serbia

On a recent referendum Serbian electors gave votes to acceptance of a new Constitution. It foresees, that Kosovo is an integral part of Serbia. Among 6,6 million persons who have a vote, 51,6 percent spoke out for passing a Basic Law  a . And in general 53 percent of electors took part in voting. The referendum was boycotted and its results are not acknowledged by  ethnic Albanians.