Viche 2009 19

19, 2009

Political system of Serbia and Montenegro in Accordance With the Constitutional Charter of the State Commonwealth

After disintegration of Yugoslavia the state commonwealth of Serbia and Montenegro was formed, then it was divided into two independent republics. It was preceded by the May referendum of 2005. At this referendum Montenegro with small advantage voted for dissociating from Serbia.


The study of the Constitutional Charter of 2003 allows examining the mechanisms of state disintegration and forecasting such development of events in other regions of the world. The primary aim of the article is to analyze the descriptions of the political systems of Serbia and Montenegro, and also the influence of these descriptions on the election campaigns in the mentioned countries. Basically exactly the results of nation will expression entailed disintegration of state commonwealth of Serbia and Montenegro.


Who is right then?


On September, 29 the deputies of the PACE listened to the lecture War between Georgia and Russia: State of Affairs in a Year. The disturbance concerning provocations along the administrative borders of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and the lasting pressure on them from outside were mentioned in the accepted resolution. In the opinion of the assembly all these can result only in destabilization of the situation in the region, as in fact the territory of Georgia is integral and sovereign. The PACE expressed dissatisfaction with the refusal of Russia and actual power of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in giving admission to these regions to the representatives of the monitoring mission of the European Union. This dissatisfaction was also connected with the freezing of questions regarding the continuation of the mandate of observers missions of these organizations in Georgia by the UNO and the OSCE. It is also known that earlier the commission of PACE on monitoring had refused to support the suggestion of Georgia to deprive Russian delegation of the voting right in the assembly.


On October, 1 the PACE confirmed the plenary powers of Russian delegation which Georgia wanted to dispossess of voting rights because of last year's events in South Ossetia. In the document the question concerned the necessity to recall the recognition of independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia made by Moscow. Attention is also paid to the fact that Russian delegation in the PACE does not have a direct influence on the actions of Russian power. Therefore the assembly expressed the conviction of the necessity of the dialog between Russia, Georgia and the PACE. Most parliamentarians present in the hall expressed in the favour of this decision. However, as the Georgian deputy Georgiy Targamadze reported that Georgian delegation will continue submitting for consideration in the PACE the question about plenary powers of Russian delegation in the assembly. Yes, we will start and discuss this question in the future, he said. According to Targamadze, this problem will be discussed already in January, 2010 at the winter session of the assembly.