| In English
Viche 2015 6

6, 2015

Peculiarities of the Mechanisms of Functionality of Civil Society Organizations in Developed Democracies

Based on the most commonly used terminology of political science, the essence of the category civil society organizations is determined. Functional mechanisms of civil society organizations as voluntary, non-governmental, and nonprofit actors in the context of their powers determined by the authorities are analyzed.
The emphasis is put on the mechanisms that have practical importance for improvement of operation of the CSO. Mechanisms ensuring permanent nature of the CSOs activities and related to the conditions of their existence are examined. Importance of the mechanisms to contribute to improvement of the CSOs management and transparency is underlined. Certain mechanisms focused on the processes of self-regulation of the third sector are studied.
Keywords: civil society organization, nonprofit organization, legal status, funding, state, transparency, self-administration.


1. Principy, kasaiushchiesia statusa natsionalnykh uchrezhdenii, zanimaiushchikhsia pooshchreniem i zashchitoi prav cheloveka (Parizhskie principy): Prilozhenie k Rezoliutsii No. 48/134 Generalnoi Assamblei OON ot 20 dekabria 1993 goda [Principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (The Paris Principles): Annex to Resolution 48/134 of the General Assembly of 20 December 1993]. Available at: <http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/paris.shtml>

2. Gorodetskaia I. E. (2001) Dobrovolcheskoe dvizhenie v SSHA [Volunteerism in the USA], Mirovaia ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia 1: 7886.

3. Kondaurova V. Spetsifika funktsionirovaniia nepravitelstvennykh organizatsii v Evropeiskom Soiuze: spetsializatsiia, problemnoe pole, perspektivy razvitiia [Specificity of the functioning of non­governmental organizations in the European Union: Specialization, topical issues, prospects of development], Entsiklopediia znanii. Available at: <http://www.pandia.org/text/78/051/29126.php>

4. Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Mezhdunarodnye akty o pravovom statuse NPO [International instruments on the NGOs legal status]. Available at: <http://www.mid.ru/bdomp/ns­npo.nsf/makts>

5. Anheier H. K. How to Measure Civil Society, Center for Civil Society of the London School of Economics and Political Science. Available at: <http://fathom.lse.ac.uk/features/122552/>

6. The Johns Hopkins University Center for Civil Society Studies, Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project (CNP). Available at: <http://ccss.jhu.edu/research­projects/comparative­nonprofit­sector>

7. Foundation Incubator to Merge with Indiana Universitys Center of Philanthropy, Philanthropy News Digest, 12 July 2005. Available at: <http://www.philanthropynewsdigest.org>

8. Salamon L. M., Anheier H. K. and others (1999) Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Non­Profit Sector. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies.