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Viche 2012 №20

№20, 2012

Becoming of the electoral system till the foundation of the European Parliament: comparative and legal analysis of the international legal acts

The institutional system of the European Union, as of a difficult integration establishment, has its own features among which, first and foremost, its partly over national and partly intergovernmental character should be outlined [1, p. 10]. The special place in it is occupied by the European Parliament — unicameral, representative, superpower, and multinational by its nature authority. At the present stage it represents the interests of citizens of 27 country-members of the European Union, the population of which is about 500 million people altogether [1, p. 5]. Without regard to that in comparison with the national legislative authorities the role of the European Parliament in the law creation process is limited, it performs the row of functions which has been broadened during different stages of development of this institution. At the same time the conduction of elections by direct vote became the important pre-condition of transformation of the European Parliament from a mainly consultative organ to the representative legislative institution of the Concords and Union [2, p. 9]. The electoral system to the European Parliament is regulated by legal norms mentioned in the statutory agreements of the EU countries and other international and legal acts which in any case concern the electoral system to the European Parliament.