| In English
Viche 2012 11

11, 2012

Victory of 1945: historical and social reality reflexion (historiosophical notes)

Presenting the war in the non romanti and non heroic way is the result of not only targeted ideological stake, but the natural process of reflection of tragic past and objective and in-depth scientific study of the military-historical perspective. Violence and war are the most reasonably ugly kinds of human activity, and a murder, even when it is referred to regular military units, is the universal evil, the gravest sin that has no justification and redemption. According the celebration of any victory reached by the use of weapons and violence is put in question.

Economic aspects of the confrontation of the Soviet Union and Germany are still considered with a significant ideological implication. The discussions revolved mainly around two issues: a) the level of self-sufficiency of the USSR economy and b) the role and place of lend-lease to strengthen the defense of the Soviet Union. The first issue addressed to human characteristics, raw materials, energy resources, economic strategies and mechanisms of military-industrial complex. The USSR had a significant advantage over the enemy according to extensive variables (population, arable land, the presence of minerals, and finally, a huge area).

In formal legal terms most wars end by fixing the gains of the winners. Typically the ethical imperatives go to the background. The term justice winners appeared, which emphasizes the absolute right to dictate yesterday's triumphant opponents the conditions of peace and post-war order, indemnities and other forms of financial compensation issued by relevant international legal instruments.

Though the different attitude, the victory over Nazism and fascism was a joint achievement of Ukrainian and other people of the Soviet Union and the world. It should be seen as an objective reality that it could achieve within a certain consensus between the state and society. Despite the complex nature and often contradictory features of the convergence and coordination, the constructive potential of these relationships with the absolute dominance status of the country, became a decisive stabilizing factor which contributed to the overcoming of the crisis phenomenon.

Since historical memory is an important factor in social life, current state has an important mission to create conditions favorable for the operation of all levels and models of memory.

Volodymyr LYTVYN